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SAT2写作试题分享(Correct Expression)

发布日期:02-06 18:38 分类:英语 阅读次数:29

摘要Correct Expression Often, sentences are not correct because they are not “idiomatic.” An expres ...

Correct Expression

 

Often, sentences are not correct because they are not “idiomatic.” An expression that is not idiomatic is one that is not acceptable English for any of several reasons.

 

1. Wrong Prepositions

 

In English, as in other languages, only certain prepositions can be used with certain verbs.

 

EXAMPLES:

 

In contrast of the prevailing opinion, the editorial places the blame for the strike on the workers and their representatives.

In this sentence, the expression in contrast of is not idiomatic. The expression should be in contrast to. So the sentence would read: “In contrast to the prevailing opinion, the editorial places the blame for the strike on the workers and their representatives.”

 

Although ballet and modern dance are both concerned in movement in space to musical accompaniment, the training for ballet is more rigorous than that for modern dance.

 

The expression concerned in is not idiomatic. The sentence should read: “Although ballet and mod-ern dance are both concerned with movement in space to musical accompaniment, the training for ballet is more rigorous than that for modern dance.”

 

2. Right Idea, Wrong Word

 

Make sure you use words that mean what you intend to say. Be careful not to use an incorrect word that sounds like the word you really mean to use.

 

EXAMPLES:

 

By midnight the guests still had not been served anything to eat and they were ravishing.

 

The sentence intends to state that the guests were very hungry, but that is not the meaning of the word ravishing. The sentence can be corrected by changing ravishing to ravenous. Corrected, the sen-tence reads: “By midnight the guests still had not been served anything to eat and they were ravenous.”

 

The raise in the number of accidents attributable to drunk drivers has prompted a call for stiffer penalties for driving while intoxicated.

 

This sentence can be corrected by changing raise to rise. The corrected sentence reads: “The rise in the number of accidents attributable to drunk drivers has prompted a call for stiffer penalties for driving while intoxicated.”

 

3. Gerund versus Infinitive

 

The infinitive is the “to” form of a verb, and the gerund is one of the “-ing” forms of a verb. Both are used as nouns. In some circumstances you can use either: “Adding an extra room to the house is the next project,” or “To add an extra room to the house is the next project.” In some circumstances, however, gerund and infinitive are not interchangeable.

 

EXAMPLES:

 

The idea of trying completing the term paper by Friday caused Ken to cancel his plans for the weekend.

 

Although completing can be a noun, here you need the infinitive. The sentence should read: “The idea of trying to complete the term paper by Friday caused Ken to cancel his plans for the weekend.”

 

Psychologists think that many people eat satisfying a need for affection that is not otherwise fulfilled.

 

Again you need the infinitive, not the gerund. The sentence should read: “Psychologists think that many people eat to satisfy a need for affection that is not otherwise fulfilled.”

4. Unacceptable Expressions

 

There are a few expressions that are heard frequently in conversation that are regarded as low-level usage and unacceptable in standard written English.

 

EXAMPLES:

 

Being that the hour was late, we agreed to adjourn the meeting and reconvene at nine o’clock the following morning.

 

Being that is not acceptable in standard written English. The sentence is corrected by changing the phrase to Since. The sentence should read: “Since the hour was late, we agreed to adjourn the meeting and reconvene at nine o’clock the following morning.”

 

Why some whales beach themselves in what seems to be a kind of suicide remains a mystery to marine biologists.

 

Why cannot be the subject of a sentence. The sentence is corrected by changing Why to That. So, the sentence now reads: “That some whales beach themselves in what seems to be a kind of suicide remains a mystery to marine biologists.”

 

The reason Harriet fired her secretary is because he was frequently late and spent too much time on personal phone calls.

 

Because cannot introduce a noun clause. The sentence is corrected by changing because to that. The corrected sentence reads: “The reason Harriet fired her secretary is that he was frequently late and spent too much time on personal phone calls.”

 

I read in a magazine where scientists believe that they have discovered a new subatomic particle.

 

Where cannot introduce a noun clause. The sentence is corrected by changing where to that. So the corrected sentence reads: “I read in a magazine that scientists believe that they have discovered a new subatomic particle.”


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